Have you ever experience jumper’s knee or patella tendonitis? Do you even know what it is? Well I have and its one of the most uncomfortable feeling you will have. Walking becomes like a special activity at some point.

Jumper’s knee also known as patella tendonitis are of the most common tendon apathies affecting athletes, occurring in as much as 20% of jumping athletes. With regards to both knees this problem affects both male and female equally. Tendons are rope like tissues in the body that attach muscles to bones. Tendinopathy is any tendon condition that causes pain, swelling and reduced function to the tendon.

Risk Factors

Jumper’s knee or patella tendonitis is cause by repetitive stress place on the patella or quadricep tendon while jumping. This injury is specific to athletes who are practicing the jumping sports eg. basketball, volleyball, high or long jump. It may be found in non jumping sports as well such as soccer, cycling, weight lifting etc. Playing on hard surfaces and over training also contributes to this type of injury. The causes of this condition remains unclear. However precaution should be taken when doing activities that can cause or make this condition worst.

Signs and Symptom

Common signs include:

  • Pain and tenderness to knee
  • swelling to affected knee
  • pain when preforming activities eg. walking, jumping, running etc.
  • Tenderness behind the lower part of knee cap

Depending on the duration of symptoms jumper’s knee can be placed into one(1) of four(4) stages

  • Stage1 -Pain only after activities
  • Stage2 -Pain during and after activities
  • Stage3 -Prolonged pain during and after activities with difficulty performing
  • Stage4 -complete tendon tear( this requires surgery)

Jumper’s Knee

This image shows the anatomy of the knee. The pain usually occurs in the ligament.
Parts of the Knee Joint

Treatment

Some treatment may include

  • Physical therapy
  • The use of ice packs
  • Warmup exercises
  • Rest for extended periods eg.(3-6 weeks)
  • Knee brace or support
  • Surgical intervention for tendent rupture
  • Consult a Physician and Rehabilitation or Orthopedic specialist for medical treatment( tablets, IV treatments and surgery)
Example of a knee Brace
A Knee Brace

Resume activities

Jumper’s knee or patella tendonitis is treatable. Training and physical fitness before designated activities may help prevent jumper’s knee. Functional testing at the end of the recovery phase is carried out by a Physiotherapist, Trainer or Physician. They determine the readiness of athletes. The outcome of this condition depends on the stage of injury and the treatment that it requires. Recurring discomfort and pains during and after plays is used as a treatment and staging guide for this condition. A knee brace or support may be needed. If symptoms worsen consult a physician.

By tristarrose@gmail.com

My name is Tristar Rose. I am a nurse working at the ER and an affiliate marketer. My hobbies are music, photography, reading and sports.

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